A dog skin infection can either be bacterial or yeast related but both are easily treated. Yeast infections are very common in warmer weather so are often misdiagnosed as allergies. If your dog is bothered by itchy ears and paws, and is scooting across your floors, then you're likely dealing with yeast. See here for more on how to treat yeast infections in dogs.
On the other hand, bacteria infections are often secondary infections
to allergies as they frequently occur when your dog breaks the skin
from lots of scratching.
And, of course, you need to know which one you're dealing with to get the right treatment plan. But when you do, both types are fairly easy to treat.
Here's how I can help. Take a few minutes to review the symptoms chart to get a clearer idea of what type of skin infection your dog may be suffering from.
Then, read on, as I've included some great treatment plans for both further down the page.
You may be wondering how on earth your best pal contracted a skin infection, but it's not that uncommon for them. Especially if they fall into one of the most common categories below:
The most common causes for a dog skin infection are:
Skin infections in dogs are not solely restricted to these causes though, any dog can get one, so learning about the different types, causes, symptoms, and treatment, is always good to know.
You can usually tell which type of infection your dog is suffering from based on the visual symptoms (see above table). This is, however, more difficult when the infected area is the ears as the visual symptoms are the same - shaking the head, scratching the ears, holding the head to one side, etc.
Having said that, if itchy ears is accompanied by lots of biting and licking of the paws, then a yeast infection is more likely the cause.
If your fur-baby is suffering with ear infections, she really will be suffering, it's painful. That's why ear infections should always be checked by your veterinarian, she can give quick relief.
You can find more information on Dog Ear Problems.
Your veterinarian will be able to determine the type of infection by taking a swab from the ears and analyzing this under a microscope. Once you know the type you can treat accordingly.
Bacterial infections are frequently a secondary condition to allergies caused by the dog itching and constantly scratching. The more the dog scratches with allergies, the more chance there is of him breaking the skin, which can lead to a dog skin infection.
You can get a better idea of how allergies can affect canines by clicking on the relevant links below:
If you have a dog that loves to play in muddy puddles or just enjoys swimming, then you may be no stranger to skin infections. Dogs that spend a lot of time being damp and dirty are pretty good candidates for bacterial or fungal skin infections.
Bathe your dog with a good quality medicated shampoo that contains an antibacterial agent.
I found a great medicated shampoo to try is Derma Treat.
Derma-Treat has antibacterial, antiseptic, and antifungal properties that treats many skin irritations in dogs.
Derma-Treat is highly regarded by holistic MDs and has even been voted as the professional groomers' ultimate choice for special cases of skin problems where nothing else seems to work.
Baths should be given twice a week for the first 2 weeks, then scale down to once a week for a month and finally just once a month.
Antibiotics and/or ear-drops may be prescribed by your veterinarian for a dog skin infection. But be warned, if you just treat the infection with antibiotics alone, and don't determine the root cause, it may come back time and time again.
If you want a quick chat with a veterinarian, but without the car ride or expensive bill, you can ask a certified licensed professional veterinarian online now. Simply ask your question and you will have a response in minutes if not seconds. Ask a vet here or use the pop-up virtual assistant.
Keep your eye on a bacterial infection as occasionally it can become deep rooted. In this case you'll likely see
oozing sores, hair loss, and even abscesses, which can all become
extremely painful for your dog and a trip to your vets will be necessary.
you noticed a rather pungent "yeasty" smell coming from your
dog?.....Even after bathing her? If this is the
case, then you are most likely dealing with a yeast (fungal) infection.
contributes greatly to fungal infections and dogs with floppy ears or
folds of skin are more prone. Particularly in the warmer months. See here for more details on treating yeast infections in dogs.
Your vet may prescribe medicated anti-fungal drops, if your dogs' ears are affected.An important note here, even If your dog's skin infection seems to ONLY affect your her ears, you will still have to bathe with an antifungal shampoo. Otherwise, the problem usually comes right back as soon as the ear drops stop.
This is Tess, my Mum's Goldren Retriever. Every summer Tess would radiate a particular rancid smell that would get worse and worse as the summer wore on, no matter how many times my Mum bathed her in regular dog shampoo.
The smell seemed to be coming from her ears but really, was coming from all of her.
My Mum took her to the vets on numerous occasions and they would clear her ears out and give my Mum some drops, which would help for a while, but then it always came back. It seemed to be worse each time but would then subside during the winter.
Eventually my Mum decided to change her vets. The new vet checked her symptoms, checked her ears, paws, and belly and diagnosed a yeast infection of these areas caused by excess moisture. Admittedly, Tess does run and swim A LOT, so is prone to skin infections.
This is Tess enjoying a swim with her pal Millie!
One final point with Tess, it's really important that her ears are dried thoroughly after swimming and bathing as moisture contributes greatly to yeast infections.
I spoke to my Mum the other day (Sept 2017) regarding Tess and her symptoms. Tess no longer has problems with her ears, her fur and coat are in great condition and her allergies never progressed beyond yeast infections in her ears. It's been about six years since her first diagnosis.
Tess is now nine years old, as you can see from the photo, she still gets herself muddy, but doesn't swim as much as she used to when younger. My Mum baths her maybe once a month but never has to clean her ears and has never had to return to the vets for yeast, allergies, or ear and skin problems.
Got a pimply puppy? No, I don't mean "spotty" like a Dalmatian - I mean a truly pimply puppy.
Well, if you do, your puppy maybe suffering from acne or impetigo.
That's right. Just like our youngsters, puppies can get acne and impetigo (Puppy Dermatitis).
Puppy dermatitis is a dog skin infection that targets puppies under one years old.
These are mild surface dog skin disorders with impetigo being present on the abdomen and groin area and acne showing on the face. Impetigo is characterized by pus-filled blisters on the affected areas and is usually the result of unsanitary conditions.
Acne is not the result of unsanitary conditions but can occur in any puppy. It usually appears on the lower lip and chin at about 3 months of age. It looks like purplish red spots and blackheads. These will frequently burst and drain pus.
Both impetigo and mild acne can be treated topically with bathing in a Benzoyl Peroxide shampoo (OxyDex or Pyoben) twice a week for a few weeks. A severe case of acne may require a trip to your vets who can prescribe an oral antibiotic to help clear this up. Acne usually clears up once the dog reaches sexual maturity.
As long as you stay consistent with the treatment, a dog skin infection is usually quite respondent to treatment and can heal fairly quickly.